Making It Happen: Oxfam’s proposals for the post-2015 framework
This paper by Eurodad member Oxfam, entitled "Making It Happen", puts forward Oxfam's proposals for the post-2015 framework; what new goals and targets should be included and how they can be designed to bring about lasting change. The paper focuses on the role of the private sector in development, domestic resource mobilisation and aid effectiveness, among other topics.
Oxfam urges those drafting the post-2015 framework to design the post-2015 goals in ways that create a lasting impetus for action, above all at national level. The paper puts forward five principal ways in which this can be achieved:
- Include clear and binding obligations on national governments to set national targets in line with the global process, reflecting national priorities, and developed in a transparent way with the full involvement of civil society.
- Provide for strong national accountability mechanisms in the framework, mandating, among other things, that national targets are broken down into three- to five-year milestones to prevent governments putting off the implementation to the next electoral cycle. Participatory monitoring systems must be put in place to enable citizens to hold governments to account.
- Use the post-2015 process to accelerate global agreement and action on climate change, in recognition of the profound threat that climate change poses to the eradication of poverty. The post-2015 process should not be used as a parallel track to the climate negotiations, but it must reinforce such efforts, and contain appropriate targets and indicators that drive action in different sectors, as set out in this paper.
- Promote strong legal and institutional frameworks governing the private sector to bring about the necessary obligations and incentives at national level to maximize private sector contributions to the eradication of poverty. This is far from the case at present. The post-2015 process is currently being used by many governments to promote business partnerships, irrespective of any evidence regarding the effectiveness of this approach in achieving lasting progress. Business can be a powerful force for good or a cause of increased poverty, and the state has a pivotal role in influencing the long-term impact of business, in relation to this and other global and national processes.
- Strengthen civil society, through the post-2015 process, and build movements that will exert lasting pressure on governments to deliver on agreed goals. It is national politics that will determine the long-term impact of the post-2015 process. The UN, philanthropic funders, and indeed national governments can all use the opportunity provided by the post-2015 process to support civil society to mobilize around tacking inequality and climate change, by enabling it to exploit new accountability mechanisms and data.
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